Chapter – 7
Forests and Wildlife
A – Word Meaning :-
altitude – height
insufficient – not enough
stilt – like a stick or a pole
canopy – leaves that together form a sort of a cover
B – Answer the following questions :-
Q1. What are the major types of forests found in India?
Ans -The major types of forests in India are –
Mangrove or Tidal
Q2. Where are thorn forests can be seen?
Ans – The thorn forests can be seen in the deserts of Rajasthan , Haryana and Southern Punjab.
Q3. Where are evergreen forests of India can be seen?
Ans – The evergreen forests in India can be seen in areas that are hot and receive a significant amount of rainfall.
Q4. What do we get from forests?
Ans – 1. Forests provide us food , herbs , gums , medicines , fuel , wood etc.
2. Forests give us pure air and provide shelter for animals.
3. Forests draw rain-bearing clouds.
4. The roots of the trees hold the soil together.
Q5. Name the animals that can be found in the following forests :-
Evergreen forests – Asian elephants , tigers.
Deciduous forests – monkeys , big cats , deer , birds , leopards , boars , bears and wild buffaloes.
Thorn forests – camel , Great Indian Bustard , desert cat , Indian Gazelle , blackbuck , Indian Wild Ass.
Mangrove or Tidal forests – Royal Bengal Tiger , crocodiles , spotted deer , snakes and birds.
Q6. What is the different between national parks and wildlife sanctuary?
Ans – A national park is reserved area where the main aim is to protect the natural vegetation and wildlife of the local area. There are almost 100 national parks in India.
A wildlife sanctuary is also a reserved area that is used to protect endangered species. There are more than 500 wildlife sanctuaries in India.