Learn ch – 1.
A – Answer the following questions :-
Q1. Why did the hunter-gatherers travel from place to place? In what ways are these similar to/different from the reasons for which we travel today?
They moved from place to place in search of food because if they had stayed at one place for a long time , they would have eaten up all the available resources.
The hunters followed the movement of animals , which lead them to different places.
They moved , season to season in search of different kinds of plants.
They also moved in search of water.
Q2. List three ways in which hunter-gatherers used fire.
Ans- Three ways in which hunters – gathers used fire are –
As a source of light.
To roast meat.
To scare away animals
Q3. Make two columns in your notebook. In the left hand column, list the foods hunter-gatherers ate. In the right hand column, list some of the foods you eat.
Q4 – Define factory sites.
Ans – The places where stones were found and where people made tools known as Factory Sites. Sometimes people lived here for longer spell of time , these sites are called Habitation – cum factory sites.
Q5. How did hunter gathers used the natural pebbles?
Ans – The natural pebbles were used to make tools for cutting bones and meats . They were also used to scrap bark of trees and hides of animals to chop fruits and root.
Q6. How did the hunter gathers make stone tools?
Ans – The stone tools were made using two techniques –
The first was called the stone on stone , where two sides were used and by using one stone as a hammer , the other stone was given desired shape.
The other technique was pressure flaking. In this technique the core was placed on a surface and the hammer stone helped removing flakes and making tools.